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海钓安全敲警钟!舟山三天内发生一死一伤事件

www.zqzskl.com2019-08-04

With the arrival of the island's tourist season, there are more and more people going to the “sea fishing paradise” on some outer islands of the Zhoushan Islands. However, the corresponding problems have gradually become prominent. On July 3 and July 5, two sea fishermen died and were injured in the waters of Dongfushan Island in Putuo District, Zhoushan City.

At about 1:30 pm on July 3, the "Puhaixiu 6330" boat was sea-fishing in the north of Dongfu Mountain. During the voyage, it crossed the reef and was overturned by the waves. Three people were rescued by water. One of them died after being rescued. Two of the three were Putuo Shenjiamen. One of them was killed by waves after the fall, and the other was an East Pole. All three were fishermen.

After 9:00 pm on July 4, the Shangrao citizen of Jiangxi Province, Huang, took a kayak bought from the Internet and rowed along the reef of Dongfushan Island and fished. In the middle of the night, the waves gradually increased, and the kayak could not be controlled. It deviated from Dongfushan Island and drifted to another island reef. During the process of up and down, the front side of his neck was deflected by a reef to a length of 4 cm and 1.5. The centimeter-thick mouth was rescued by the “Jintai 58” transport ship passing through the sea area at 10 o'clock the next day, and finally sent to Putuo Hospital by the Putuo fishery ship.

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On the afternoon of July 6, the reporter went to a ward on the fourth floor of the inpatient department of the hospital. He saw that Huang was lying on the hospital bed and was in good condition. The neck wound was covered with gauze. The doctor had not given him a needle. Observe after observation. He told reporters that he now opened a tea shop in Yiwu, came to Zhoushan about half a month ago, spent 10 days in Shenjiamen, bought kayaks for more than 500 yuan, and took the boat to Dongfushan Island. No one saw the fishing in the sea. I couldn’t think of it.

Resource conservation, fishermen's concerns

xx海钓被认为是海上的“高尔夫”,它追求的是一个国家和领域。多年来,海上捕鱼业一直方兴未艾。中国休闲海钓直接带来的经济效益和渔业综合经济效益超过1:8。相关性和驱动力远远超过目前任何海洋旅游业。

舟山市普陀海钓协会会长,中国休闲渔业协会常务理事徐彬利表示,根据计算,今年舟山群岛的海上捕捞次数预计将达到70万次,去年为65万次。目前,每年从事休闲垂钓的人数接近1亿,其中海钓2千万。

最近,舟山于2019年举办了第一届全国海钓(国家B级)裁判员培训班。记者随机采访了一些资深人士。他们赞扬了舟山优越的渔场环境,丰富的海洋捕捞资源和海上捕捞管理。但他们也表现出一些担忧。

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来自Visual China的图片

这位43岁的陈倩听取了宁波的一位钓鱼朋友的讲话。他一年来到舟山30多次。他认为,与10年前相比,该岛的珊瑚礁鱼类资源仍然减少。他认为,一些当地渔民在岛礁上挖掘蜗牛,这对海洋捕捞资源造成了极大的破坏,需要赶海的海员的质量需要跟上。 “我们把垃圾从岛上带回来并把它放在船上。当我们离开岸边时,船员经常把它扔到海边。”近年来,他经常去文泰地区进行海底捕鱼,发现有些地方还有电鱼的行为,这对海洋捕捞资源更具破坏性。

鱼,主要是黑蝎子,重约3磅。现在因为资源有限,不可能同时捕获这么多鱼。他建议,远洋岛屿上为海上捕鱼服务的小旅馆和渔民经常光顾的小岛屿应该跟上环境卫生管理的步伐。

他还谈到了电鱼和炸鱼。 “在公海上,报告它有时是无用的,因为执法人员到了,他们很早就逃走了。”

Zhu Jianfeng is the head of a private enterprise in Wenzhou. He has also loved Shanghai fishing for more than 10 years. He reflected that some unlicensed dinghy indiscriminate fishing is very lethal to sea fishing resources and hopes to strengthen management.

Zhang Li is a member of the Putuo Sea Fishing Association and the first batch of fishing boats in Zhoushan that hold sea fishing licenses. "But the certificate is the same, the sea fishing license is almost zero threshold now." He said that there is no document to go fishing in the sea, some people do not understand the rules of the sea fishing, the sea is definitely dangerous, there are many hidden dangers.

The reporter learned that since 2017, Zhoushan has taken the lead in legislation in the country to clarify that sea fishing must be certified. So far, the city has issued more than 9,000 sea fishing licenses. However, because the fishing boats are scattered and scattered, it is sometimes impossible to get in and out, and there is no way to check the verification.

Of course, the work of the Putuo Sea Fishing Association is still relatively standard and leading. If every member participates in insurance, all the garbage will be brought back or destroyed on the spot, and the small fish will be fished in time to release.

(At about 1:30 pm on July 3, the "Puhaixiu 6330" boat was overturned by the wave. The video copyright belongs to the original author)

The crux of the development of boat management

When interviewing industry insiders, they felt that the biggest problem in the current fishing industry was the difficulty in managing the boats for sea fishing. In this regard, Putuo has made a useful attempt. After several rectifications, a small sea boat service center was set up two years ago. The center uses the Beidou navigation system for 24-hour monitoring. The management is relatively standardized, and the accident is significantly reduced, but if the goal is achieved, It is still necessary to legislate and standardize, and at the same time establish a special system of manufacturing and testing standards.

xx由于缺乏国家渔船管理条例或导致渔船主体管理不明确的滞后,已成为渔业发展的主要制约因素。以浙江为例,海,渔,运,旅游,公安等部门有关部门于2003年联合发布《浙江省休闲渔业船舶管理办法》,省海事部门于2011年发布《游艇监督管理实施细则》,但缺乏各部门之间的标准相对统一。结果,各部门未能形成监管力量,小型休闲船的管理陷入了盲点。特别是,8米以下的小船成为“三无论”的真空容器。

中国休闲渔业协会会长魏宝珍在接受采访时表示,目前中国的海上捕捞政策并非一揽子,需要改进。海钓许可证只在舟山进行,每个人都需要共同努力。他特别提到目前尚无国家海上渔船管理条例,需要加以监管。

记者从舟山市海洋与渔业局和普陀区发展改革局了解到,当地政府已在考虑建立海上渔港和海上捕鱼公园。预计海上渔船将进出港口的港口和配套的产业链服务设施;在岛礁上,将来可能会收集门票,国家资源只会被耗尽和占用,并且没有相应的补偿和支付。

当然,主管当局对海上捕捞和休闲船的管理立法是明确的,这在舟山一级是无法解决的。

业内人士指出,有必要克服现有海钓企业经营不足,无法同步使用海钓许可证,建设游艇改造,船员培训,负荷限制控制,事故等制度化的问题。保险,应急计划以及进出报告。管理系统,游艇租赁,引导式捕鱼服务等行业需要不断完善。

海钓是实现渔区充分就业的有效途径,也为渔民增加收入拓宽渠道。它是发展全球旅游业的重要组成部分。其形成的产业链对于综合消费,海洋资源综合利用和错季旅游具有重要意义。浙江海洋捕捞业只有通过解开现有症结,获取高附加值产出,才能真正成为海洋经济的新增长点。

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